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Electronic Cigarettes and History


Published by: Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Electronic cigarettes are currently the subject of much public, media, and regulatory attention. Discussion centres on whether e-cigarettes encourage or discourage smoking. Should they be banned? Should they be regulated as consumer products, tobacco products, as medicines, or a combination of approaches? It seems likely that some countries will

The Art of Intoxification


William Harvey is celebrated as the English physician who first showed, through anatomical experiment and observation, how blood circulated round the body and challenged the Renaissance medical establishment and the Galenic principles upon which it operated. As his friend Thomas Hobbes later observed, “he is the only man, perhaps, that ever lived to see his

Methadone Treatment Marks 50 years in 2015


FORTY YEARS AND COUNTLESS Political firestorms after it was first introduced,  methadone  maintenance for the treatment  of opioid ad- diction remains a standard therapy in the field of addiction treatment. The publication on August 23, 1965, of positive results from a small clinical trial of methadone as a treatment for heroin addiction in JAMA marked

Preventing Adolescent Substance Abuse


Preventing adolescent substance abuse Pervasive, consistent messages to young people about drugs and alcohol can prevent substance abuse. Effective prevention requires that the same messages about alcohol, drugs, and tobacco be delivered by multiple messengers–schools, parents, peers, and the community–repeatedly throughout childhood and adolescence. Prevention delays onset of use The primary goal of prevention is

What is Addiction ?


What Is Addiction? Addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance (alcohol, cocaine, nicotine) or engages in an activity (gambling) that can be pleasurable but the continued use of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary life responsibilities, such as work or relationships, or health. Users may not be aware that

Teen substance abuse is the new ‘normal’


Gone are the days when “stoners” could be picked out of a crowd on high school campuses, a counselor at College Park High warned parents this week. These days, Jason Lechner told the parents and students Thursday night, even star athletes and top-achieving students drink, smoke marijuana, abuse prescription painkillers or have tried heroin. “The

What Is Substance Abuse?


Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. Medline’s medical encyclopedia defines drug abuse as “the use of illicit drugs or the abuse of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are indicated or in a manner or in quantities